Forum d’analyses géopolitiques des ressources naturelles (Forum for Geopolitical Analyses of Natural Resources)

FORAGE is a tool allowing researchers and partner public and private entities and associations to liaise and transfer knowledge on natural resources.

Scientific director: Patrick González, Department of Economics


Natural resources are a key national and international issue, particularly when it comes to energy. Be it oil, gas, hydroelectricity, or mineral resources, these issues should not remain the preserve of a few experts. Citizens, investors, business people, pressure groups, and public administrators are all concerned.

To meet this need, we undertake research projects and organize symposiums, talks, and workshops with our partners.


FORAGE’s mission is to:

  • Acquire, validate, and disseminate knowledge on the geopolitical variables of natural resources, especially those related to the international energy transition 
  • Provide a forum for discussion and consultations on major international natural resource issues among experts and decision-makers from the scientific, governmental, and private sectors and associations in Québec, Canada, and around the world
  • Create a network of experts to provide businesses, associations, government, the media, and other stakeholders with a comprehensive source of information and expertise on the global geopolitics of natural resources and the challenges and position of the sector in Québec and Canada. 
  • Foster scientific collaboration among Canadian researchers on themes of common interest related to the geopolitics of natural resources.
  • Conduct joint policy analyses on global issues facing Canadian governments. Research topics include:
    • Geopolitical analysis of the world scene (focus on certain sensitive areas and the Americas). This geopolitical approach focuses on political, security, economic, financial, legal, and environmental risks
    • International economic analyses (cost structure, social costs, competitiveness, product substitution, prices, rate setting, royalties, and taxation)
    • Institutional analyses (state capitalism, legal constraints, regulation, deregulation, dynamics of financial flows, network industries). 



  • Georges Beaudoin
    Professor, Department of Geology and Geological Engineering, Faculty of Science and Engineering
    NSERC/Agnico-Eagle Industrial Research Chair in Mineral Exploration
  • Olivier Boiral
    Department of Management, Faculty of Business Administration
  • Canada Research Chair in Sustainable Development Management Standards, Université Laval

  • Yan Cimon
    Department of Management, Faculty of Business Administration, Université Laval
  • Charles-Emmanuel Côté
    Faculty of Law, Université Laval
  • Patrick González
    Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences
    Member of CREATE: Centre de recherche en économie de l’environnement, de l’agroalimentaire, des transports et de l’énergie (Research Centre on the Economics of the Environment, Agrifood, Transportation, and Energy), Université Laval
  • Paule Halley, Faculty of Law, Canada Research Chair in Environmental Law
  • Frédéric Lasserre
  • Department of Geography, Faculty of Forestry, Geography and Geomatics, Université Laval

  • Kerem Öge
    Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Political Science, McGill University
  • Richard Ouellet
    Faculty of Law, Université Laval
  • Zhan Su
    Department of Management, Stephen-A.-Jarislowsky Chair in International Business Management


The following partners have supported FORAGE projects:

  • MacCarthy-Tetrault
  • Organisation internationale de la francophonie
  • Parcs éoliens de la Seigneurie de Beaupré
  • Transcanada
  • Valero


École supérieure d’études internationales 
Pavillon Charles-De Koninck 
Université Laval
1030, avenue des Sciences-Humaines, bureau 5458 
Québec (Québec)  G1V 0A6

Directeur scientifique

Patrick González

Professeur au Département d'économique, Faculté des sciences sociales